Advanced Summer Program for students age 11-14
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What is Unaccompanied Minor Status?

Airlines call a young person, flying without an older companion, an unaccompanied minor (UM). Most airlines offer special supervision for UMs and require it for UMs below a certain age. When they provide such supervision, the child is said to have Unaccompanied Minor Status. Even when you are not required to arrange UM Status, you may wish to do so for your peace of mind. Sometimes the UM fee also gets you free checked bags and an onboard snack; it's always worth asking when you register. However, UM Status is also costly, and restricts the flights that are available.

Each airline has its own UM rules, fees, and definition of "young". For instance, some airlines will not book someone with UM Status on a flight that involves a change of plane and none will book you on the last connecting flight of the day, unless it is the only flight. Some require you to pay for UM Status for all youths age 14 or less, that is, for everyone eligible for MathPath. For others, only youth age 11 or less are required, or sometimes even allowed, to pay for UM status.

In addition, with UM Status you are generally not allowed to make bookings on multiple airlines, even codeshare airlines. For instance, you probably cannot book a trip to MathPath that starts on Air Canada and switches to United. (A trip to MathPath entirely on Air Canada with a return entirely on United is ok, though you may have to buy separate tickets. However, even if you buy your ticket with Air Canada, you must meet all of the UM requirements of both Air Canada and United for this ticket to be honored both ways.)

So please check with your airline(s) and make sure your booking is allowed before you make a non-refundable booking. This usually means contacting a live person, although we have sometimes found that airline personnel don't always know their own rules; be sure you have the rules as stated on the airline website at your fingertips when you talk to their agent.

Below is a summary of the UM situation, current as of October 2017, for all airlines that fly to Portland International, with links where you can and should check for updates; see the bottom of this page.

The basic situation is that UM rules have gotten stricter in the last few years. Airlines are requiring young people traveling alone to take UM status to an older age, and often restricting the flights you can take to nonstops. We regard this as unfortunate because it greatly increases your travel costs and makes it difficult to book at all from airports that have no nonstops to our location.

On the basis of the information below and past experience, we recommend Southwest Airlines if you don't think your child needs UM status and don't want to pay for it. Southwest is the last major US airline that allows most MathPathers (those age 12 or older) to fly as adults. On the other hand, if your child is required to take UM status (s/he will only be 11 this June) or you want to have the extra security of UM status, unless you fly from a city with nonstop flights to Portland, your choices may only be American and Delta; they likely fly to your airport and they allow you to change planes to other planes of their airline. Delta is probably better because it allows up to four kids to travel together on one UM fee; you can combine forces with other MathPathers from your metropolitan area and cut costs. American only allows family members to travel on the same fee. Also, Southwest is sometimes still a choice; although Southwest does not allow plane changes, it does allow stops, so long as the same plane continues on to your final destination with the same flight number.

There is another workaround if you come from an area with several MathPathers. One parent can be the guardian for all MathPathers on a flight. It may be cheaper to pool money to pay one parent to fly round trip at the beginning of the program than to pay the UM fees for that trip; Similarly at the end.

Note: None of the comparative online services like Travelocity will allow you to book a child under 18 flying alone, at least if you state correctly that you are booking 0 adults. You must book directly with the airline, either through their website or by phoning them. (Sometimes for UM Status they insist that you phone them, which is a good idea anyway to make sure your booking is allowed.) However, you can use an online service to compare flights and prices and then contact the airline with the best price. Type in an older age so that the comparative online service lets you explore. But also note: the prices you find on the comparative websites might not be the same prices you find at the airline's own site or when you phone them.

When you contact an airline to make a UM reservation they will ask for specific information about the person to whom they will hand over your child at the other end. Sometimes they will let you give them this information later, as late as the day of travel, but sometimes they want it at booking. We don't know who our receivers are yet; they will be experienced counselors but we don't hire counselors until early 2018. If you must book now (and why should you; there is plenty of time to wait for lower prices) and the airline must know a receiver now, contact us and we will give you a name you will have to change later. Once we do know our receivers, we will get that information to families of enrolled students in a secure way.

If you have a connecting flight and it is cancelled, do not worry. If you are flying with UM Status, either alone or in a group, the airline staff will not release you; they will make arrangements for an onward flight the same day since you are not traveling on the last flight of the day.

Airline          Mandatory minor(a)   Minor fee     Fees for 3 bags 
-------          ---------------   ----------    --------------- 
Air Canada       to age 11 (f)     $100-118       varies by route
Alaska           to age 12         $25/50 (b)     $25. $25. $75 
American         to age 14         $150 (d)       $25, $35, $150 
Condor           to age 11          $85           $ 0, 80, $160
Delta            to age 14         $150 (i)       $25, $35, $150 
Frontier         to age 14 (f)     $110 (i)       $25, $35, $100
Hawaiian:        to age 11         $100           $25, $35, $100 	
Icelandair       to age 11         $62 (m)        $ 0,various
JetBlue:         to age 14         $100           $25, $35, $100 	
PenAir           to age 12         call           $25, $25, $75                                     
Southwest        to age 11 (g)     $ 50           $ 0, $ 0,  $75  
Spirit           to age 14 (g)     $100              (h)
Sun Country      to age 12         $ 75           $25, $35, $75  
United           to age 15 (f)     $150           $25, $35, $150 
Virgin America   to age 12         $25/50 (b)     $25, $25, $25 	
Volaris          to age 11          call        $28, $51-70, $62-68 	

(a) "to age x" means all children age x or lower must fly UM
(b) $50 for flights with connections  
(c) no departures between 9pm and 5am
(d) per family (immediate or extended). Cannot book online 
(e) UM fee can cover 3 children in same family. Cannot book last flight of day 
    unless it is the only flight of the day
(f) may only fly on nonstops; same plane with a stopover is not enough
(g) may only fly on nonstop flights or with no plane change or flight number change
(h) Spirit has complicated baggage rules. See here for more information. 
(i) one fee for multiple children (may require one reservation) 

You should click below to check the original sources for each airline to confirm the above, and to find out about yet more fine print about unaccompanied minors.

Air Canada
Sun Country
Virgin America

For further detail about UM status, see this website, or search on "unaccompanied minor".

Last update October 21, 2017
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